Membuat Media Tanam (Baglog) Jamur

Di alam bebas, jamur tiram bisa dijumpai hampir sepanjang tahun di hutan pegunungan atau dareah yang berhawa sejuk. Tubuh buah saling menumpuk di permukaan batang pohon yang sudah lapuk. Ketika akan membudidayakan jamur ini, maka harus disesuaikan dengan habitat aslinya. Bahan yang bisa digunakan sebagai media utama budidaya jamur adalah serbuk gergaji kayu, ataupun sekam. Hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam budi daya jamur tiram adalah faktor ketinggian dan persyarataan lingkungan, sumber bahan baku untuk substrat tanam dan sumber bibit jamur. Miselium dan tubuh buahnya tumbuh dan berkembang baik pada suhu 26-30 °C. Jamur tiram (Pleurotus ostreatus) mulai dibudidayakan pada tahun 1900. Budidaya jamur ini tergolong sederhana. Jamur tiram biasanya dipeliharan dengan media tanam serbuk gergaji steril yang dikemas dalam kantung plastik.

Media tanam Pleurotus ostreatus yang digunakan adalah jerami yang dicampur dengan air, dedak 10% dan kapur 1%. Fungsi dari jerami adalah sebagai bahan dasar dari pertumbuhan jamur. Jerami mengandung lignin, selulosa, karbohidrat, dan serat yang dapat didegradasi oleh jamur menjadi karbohidrat yang kemudian dapat digunakan untuk sintesis protein. Air pada jerami berfungsi sebagai pembentuk kelembapan dan sumber air bagi pertunbuhan jamur. Dedak dan kapur merupakan bahan tambahan pada media tanam Pleurotus ostreatus. Dedak ditambahkan pada media untuk meningkatkan nutrisi media tanam, terutama sebagai sumber karbohidrat, karbon, dan nitrogen. Kapur merupakan sumber kalsium bagi pertumbuhan jamur. Selain itu juga kapur berfungsi untuk mengatur pH media pertumbuhan jamur.

Bahan-bahan lain yang digunakan dalam budidaya jamur pada media plastik (log) terdiri dari beberapa macam yaitu bekatul (dedak padi), kapur (CaCO3), gips (CaSO4). Penggunaan kantong plastik (log) bertujuan untuk mempermudah pengaturan kondisi (jumlah oksigen dan kelembaban media) dan penanganan media selama pertumbuhan. Kantong plastik yang digunakan adalah plastik yang kuat dan tahan panas sampai dengan suhu 100 oC, Jenis plastik biasanya dipilih dari jenis polipropilen (PP).

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17 thoughts on “Membuat Media Tanam (Baglog) Jamur

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